This conclusion can be used after a field trip to Tule Ponds and Tyson Lagoon, or performed without the field trip. If students were unable to attend the field trip simply omit parts pertaining to the trip.
The discussion begins with an overview of the project. An experiment will then be performed to demonstrate water filtration. A concluding discussion will focus on ways students and their families can help keep our bays clean. Students will create posters to illustrate their knowledge of our bays and why we should be concerned about their cleanliness. These can be performed during a long science class, or split between two periods.
Water drains into the Tule Ponds and Tyson Lagoon from many surrounding neighborhoods. These neighborhoods contain a diverse mixture of old and new homes and farmland. Students should have noticed that water entered the ponds from several points. Not all of these inlets dumped into Pond #1, as was originally planned. Inlets entering into other ponds were not allowed the same settling time as had been planned to allow for the removal of impurities.
As water percolates through the ground, impurities are often left behind in the sediment. Gravel, sand, activated charcoal and other substances can be used to filter water. Wetlands naturally allow this to happen. The creation of ponds, such as the Tule Ponds, employs this principal.
Prepare an overhead of the map showing the areas that drain into the Tule Ponds. Trace how the water flows into the ponds and the pathway the water takes to the bay.
Prepare an overhead of the map showing the Tule Pond/Tyson Lagoon system. Ask the students to show you where the inlets dump water into the ponds. Remind the students that the ponds are designed to settle out the impurities in the storm water. Ask them what is wrong with the water not entering the system at Pond #1. (Ans. The water is suppose to travel through the three ponds so that the impurities have time to settle out. If they enter the system at the end or in the middle, settling will be limited.)
Water Filtration Experiment
Students will observe how impurities are filtered out of water.
Before beginning this experiment, you will need to prepare the filtration bottles.
Materials (per group)
student lab sheets (one per student)
3, 2 liter bottles or 3 plastic water bottles
3 pie tins
blue food coloring
Review the results with the class. Elicit a discussion based on question
#2 and relate it to the Tule pond system. Impress upon them that although
the water exited cleaner than it went in, some impurities do get through.
This is why it is so important to keep impurities out of our waters in
the first place.
Keeping the Bay Clean
Discuss with the students the following main points about the San Francisco
Working in groups, have the students design large posters, illustrating the importance of our watershed. They may wish to focus on how to prevent pollution, or the importance of clean water. Display the posters around the classroom or school.
4-6 Watershed Curriculum