Applied Science - Technology (4A) Post Lab
 OBJECTIVES: Comparing parallel and series circuits. Designing parallel and series circuits. VOCABULARY: circuit current parallel series static MATERIALS: light bulbs wire lamp bulbs or 3-4 circuit set ups with battery holder Electricity Slideshow (flash) is currently being updated Students look at the electric circuit at home.
 BACKGROUND: Students should be aware of the importance of an electric circuit, especially in their everyday life. However, the circuits that they experimented with are not quite the same circuits that they use in their home. There are two types of current electricity, series and parallel. This was introduced in the third grade activities. When a simple series is connected, a single pathway is formed through which current flows. A parallel circuit, forms branches, each of which is a separate path for the flow of electrons. Both series and parallel connection have their own distinctive characteristics. In a series circuit, when one of the bulbs or one of the wires is left open or is broken, the entire circuit ceases. The break opens the circuit. Less expensive Christmas lights are usually of this type, and you have to search for the defective bulb. A parallel circuit is designed so that if one branch is defective, the flow of electricity will not be broken to the other branches. PROCEDURE: Using the alligator clips, lamp holders, and lamps, erect a series and parallel circuit as in the diagrams below. The more bulbs you put on the series circuit, the more voltage you will need. Go over the difference between the circuits. Point out that the lights get dimmer on a series circuit, the lights are all illuminated the same on a parallel circuit.   Ask students why simple circuits might not be appropriate in their house. Give them clues. Are the appliances all on the same wire? If they are, what happens when one is turned off? Is the circuit broken? If it is broken, will a circuit work? If available, show 2 types of Christmas lights (the ones that will light up even if one is out is a parallel circuit; the ones that won't light up if one is out is a series circuit). Demonstrate by removing the bulbs and see what happens. If it is parallel the lights will stay on, if it is series all the lights will go out.    Ask students which one they would want in their house. Discuss that the circuit board they made was a simple series circuit. Almost all electrical circuits in homes are parallel. Use the enclosed worksheet to emphasize that parallel circuits are used in our home. Students can add appliances on the picture to represent their house. Have them write a paragraph of the different uses of electricity in their house.