Applied Science - Science and Math (3C)
Pre Lab 

  • Investigating a "new" discovery.
  • Exploring how a discovery becomes part of technology.
  • discovery
  • equipment
  • invention
  • research
  • scientific method
  • technology
  • books from school library
  • Internet
  • Invention by Lionel Bender (Knopf). 

Students research different inventors and scientists.


An inventor's success depends upon the conditions and demands of a society as well as the available technological machines that assist in the development.  Technical advances in one field are usually dependent upon technological progress in another.  For instance, James Watt the inventor of the steam engine, was in the right society at the right time.  In the early 1700's the Russian Polzunov, and in the 1600's an Italian, Giovani Bianca, designed a steam turbine.  However, they were not in a society where skilled labor could apply the invention.

Most scientists work in an intellectual framework (paradigm) where they think and produce.  When a few scientists go outside  the paradigm or the dogma of the day, it is referred to as scientific revolution.  Scientists, as are most people, are reluctant to destroy a familiar framework.  Sometimes science becomes stale because of this.

Discovery is sometimes hampered by too much structure in science.  The "scientific method" of Francis Bacon in the 17th century of experimentation, observation, and generalization is really not how science works.  By the mid-20th century people realized there was no one scientific method, but many different methods applicable to different sciences and to different problems within them.

Creativity of observations and searching for answers where no one looks is key to excitement in science.
Science is interdisciplinary with far reaching conclusions. Science is many things to many people.  Looking at science from a historical perspective, notice that most of the modern technology has been "discovered" within the last 100 years, one discovery leads to another.  The next few labs will focus on the need for some inventions and how technology has changed our lives.


  1. Instruct students to do a library or internet search on a scientific breakthrough that interests them.  Use books like the recommended Inventions to help students focus on one invention..  
  2. Students should be instructed to write a short essay on "A Technology that changed the World."  Use the enclosed sheet to help guide students.  Students should draw their technology in the box.  Topics for students to research include telephone, cinema, car, light bulb, bicycle, or any other technology.

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