Volume I

Joyce R. Blueford, Ph.D.

ART WORK: Rita Anselmo, Joyce R. Blueford, Angela Montez
Doris Raia
WEB DESIGN: David Lundeen, Doris Raia


Debbie Davidson, BS, Wildlife Biology
Jo Marshal, MS, Plant Physiology
Angela Montez, MS, Urban Planning
Victoria Chan, Ph.D., Mathematician
Susan Dutcher, BS, Education
James Gonzales, BS, M.D. Chemistry, Surgery


From 1983-1987 the concepts presented in this volume had been developed and tested at three elementary schools in the San Francisco Bay Area (Blacow Elementary, Fremont; McNair, East Palo Alto; and Federal Terrace, Vallejo). Special thanks to John Melendez, then principal of Blacow Elementary School and Dr. Ida Carveth, then principal of McNair Intermediate for allowing their teachers to test these materials. The teachers, students, and parents at these schools have helped tremendously to help develop and pilot these lesson plans. Grants from the Gerbode Foundation, San Francisco Foundation, California License Plate Program, Peninsula Community, Stulstaft, and the U.S. Geological Survey provided not only financial support, but also contributed many resources in piloting this program.

This volume has been extensively revised from its initial draft version. So many teachers and scientists have given us constructive criticism to create a more useable volume. The book would not have been possible without the many teachers that helped contribute to the development of this manual. If it wasn't for the students at the many schools that we have continued to support, we would not know how children perceive science. After all, it is for all children that this material was created.

We would like to acknowledge the many scientists, at the U.S. Geological Survey and many other academic, government, and industry who would answer simple questions when they were needed. A special thanks to Ted Carlson, now retired from Lockheed who helped us improve the quality of the science for the upper grades.

We would especially like to recognize the following companies for their continued assistance: Hewlett-Packard in Menlo Park, Chevron in San Ramon, Calera in San Jose, Swift Microscope Company in San Jose, AIMS Laser in Mountain View, Cleos in Hayward, NASA in Moffett Field, and Straight Edge in Brooklyn, New York for their assistance in proving information or helping us design products that were useful in the curriculum.


We would also like to thank organizations, companies, and individuals who have provided graphics for this electronic version.

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