Math Science Nucleus Field Trips
California Science Standards and Next Generation Science Standards

Physics of Toys (1-4)  Students learn basic principles of gravity, electromagnetism, and mechanics.  They will be entertained with toys through history.  Activities include working with various toys and will be asked to design and make their own toy. Limit: 2 classes,  64 students

The following are activities students will do
1. Experiment with toys to discover how they work
2. Sort toys into groups based on the physics they use
3. Construct a gear set using all of the gears to create a functioning system
4.  Read the “Crazy Toy Scientist.”
5. Design a magnet toy that students create (and take)


Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Standards arranged by Disciplinary Core Ideas.  Codes in parenthesis represent Performance Standards.  For more detailed information visit

  Electromagnetic Radiation
Objects can be seen only when light is available to illuminate them. Some objects give off their own light. (1-PS4-2)

Some materials allow light to pass through them, others allow only some light through and others block all the light and create a dark shadow on any surface beyond them, where the light cannot reach. Mirrors can be used to redirect a light beam. (Boundary: The idea that light travels from place to place is developed through experiences with light sources, mirrors, and shadows, but no attempt is made to discuss the speed of light.) (1-PS4-3)

Ca Science Standards Life Sciences

Second Grade: Physical Science (1 b,d,e,f)