Universe Cycle - Geography (K)
Pre Lab 

  • Distinguishing between land and water.
  • Comparing land and water.
  • continent
  • geography
  • land
  • maps
  • ocean
  • water
  • worksheet
  • crayons
  • examples of globes, maps

Students explore land and water through coloring.


Learning about maps and globes of the Earth’s surface should start early in a child's education. Students may hear about different countries, but many of them do not know where they are located. A child's first encounter with geography should not be one full of memorization of different countries, but a look at the entire Earth. Maps actually are very intriguing to a students, especially if they slowly learn how to use them. In the upcoming activities on geography, the major emphasize is on looking at models of the Earth in the form of globes and maps and then using these models to learn about our world.

As a starting place, children need to recognize that there are differences and similarities between land and water. Land is solid with a fixed shape. Land is composed of minerals, rocks, and soil (minerals and rocks plus organic material). Water is a fluid; it easily changes shape to fit whatever space contains it. Although we think of land as being "dry", land, or solid material is actually continuous underneath all bodies of water. Lakes, rivers, and oceans actually cover land. This is like water filling a bathtub or a swimming pool with solid material underneath the fluid.

  1. If you have any maps or globes, show them to your students. Explain to them that the study of maps and globes is called geography. Geography is very important to locate where we are.
  2. Explain the differences between land and water to the students. These may be difficult for them to grasp at first, especially the idea that "land goes beneath the water". Using analogies may help them grasp this concept. Show them pictures of oceans, rivers, mountains, and flat lands, to help them understand.
  3. Have the students color the four pictures on the worksheet. Each of these scenes shows a different combination of water and land. Instruct them to make the water blue and the land either brown, tan or green.
  4. Discuss with the class that water can be in the form of an ocean, pond or river. Land is everything that is not covered with water.

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