Many other myths have been created around how rocks
are formed. Have students sit in a circle and begin telling stories
about rocks. Below are some stories, but you might want to add your own.
Pele, the Hawaiian Goddess of the Volcano, causes
widespread lava flows when she is displeased. Hawaiians tell of strands
of her hair being found after a violent eruption. This "hair"
is actually long, thin strands of obsidian.
Stonehenge, a circular setting of large stones in
England, was built around 1800-1400 BC. Legend has it that the stones
(since they are so large) were magically transported from Ireland by the
wizard Merlin. Modern legends include stories about aliens from other
planets placing the stones in that particular order. Historians reveal
that the Druids of England engineered the movement of the stones.
Easter Island, an extinct volcano in the Pacific,
has large carved stone statutes (12 to 20 feet high) mounted on 6 foot
high platforms. Each statue weighs about 50 tons. However, the statues
are carved from volcanic ash quarried from inside the volcano. Many
explorers that came across these large figures had strange tales of how
the stones had been placed where they were. Most of the stories centered
around some type of god. Historians feel that the natives probably
engineered the movement, in similar ways as the Egyptians moved blocks
to create the great pyramids.
The pyramids of Egypt were build using limestone,
a rock that has the fossils of many small organisms. Many times the
fossils would fall out, and the workers developed a myth that the gods
would come out of the heaven at night and eat these "lentils."
Lentils are pea like plants that were common food for the Egyptians. This
was a sign that the pyramids were erected for the gods.