Proper food is essential
for the maintenance or restoration of health. There are six classes
of food substances: carbohydrates, fats and oils, proteins,
A calorie is a unit of heat used to measure body metabolism and
"how fat" individual foods will make you. Technically, a calorie
is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one kilogram
(2.2 pounds) of water one degree Centigrade. Emphasize with students
that a calorie is not a nutrient or a substance but a measure of food composition
and heat energy.
Carbohydrates and fats are the chief sources of calories; proteins
may also furnish calories. One gram (one-thirtieth of an ounce) of
these nutrients, when burned in the body, supplies the following number
It is evident that fat is a concentrated source of calories.
It is easy to understand then, why reduced intake of fats is advised for
those who are overweight and wish to lose weight. Alcohol is also
a concentrated source of calories, supplying 7 calories/gram and the familiar
The amount of calories needed for body functions varies
with age, sex, activity, and climate. Boys are usually move active and
larger than girls and require more calories. If you eat more calories per
day than you use in your body, the excess is changed to fat and stored
in the body. Fifth grade students need between 2000 to 3000 calories, depending
on activity. You will become overweight if you continually eat more
than your body needs.
- In lab the students will use the calorie charts
that you can download in many places on the internet (use a search
determine how many calories they ate within a 24 hour period. Students
will have to break down some of their foodstuff, for instance, a hamburger
would be ground beef, catsup, and bread. This lab may take a while
to do, but will prove very informative as to what your students are eating.
Many students do not realize that the more they eat, the more weight they
- Make sure that you go over how to read the book.
You may have to give students a few examples, like peanut butter and jelly
sandwiches or half of an apple
- Students will have to remember what they ate the
day before, so a reminder the day before the lab would be appropriate.