Inventions and science
are closely intertwined. Both require creativity and the ability
to solve a problem and logically develop conclusions. However, inventions
focus more on a directed use of creativity which usually has a goal or
is financially motivated.
Also note that many of these
inventors are either European or American. That does not mean that
other countries were not creative, just that times and needs were different
in the various countries. Inventions and science built on the work
of many people. Communications, sharing, and equipment are vital
to any program. For instances, Charles Darwin would not have developed
a theory on evolution if he did not have a chance to see the different
forms of life around the world. He was fortunate to have been the
naturalist on the HMS Beagle in the early 1800's. Refer to the article
on "Technology" at the beginning of this book for background information.
Also, some countries such as China invented many things like bridges, paper
and mathematical procedures but because the transmittal of the written
language had not been perfected, those individual inventors are not known
to us. Remember, the most creative invention of all, the wheel, was invented
by an unknown human somewhere on this planet.
- Go over the
scientists and inventors on the worksheet. Some of the people are
noted for one particular thing, but many have also excelled in other areas.
. Discuss each of these people. (Additional people can be added).
- As a homework assignment,
assign one of these people to each student and have them find out if the
person is a scientist or an inventor. Sometimes it is very difficult
to find out. Encyclopedia work is essential here.
- In this exercise, learn
with your students and continue this project as time permits. There
were so many interesting people who helped develop the technology of today.