Coast off Peru, Aquas Calentes
INTERACTION OF OCEAN AND ATMOSPHERE
Peruvian fishermen used the term "Corriente
del Nino" or the "Current of Christ Child" in reference
to a warming of the Pacific Oceanís surface temperature close to
Christmas time. El Nino, as it was called by Cambial Carillo in
1892, would sometimes kill fish and bird life, but would also bring
different kinds of tropical fish into the Pacific Ocean off of Peru.
Although this change in the oceans was observed as a recurring event for
over a century, the name El Nino is still widely used as a symbol of
Until recently, El Nino was considered to effect
only the west-central seaboard of South and North America, with little
or no changes in world wide weather patterns. Now, meteorologists think
that understanding El Nino will help explain droughts and floods that
occur in other parts of the world during an El Nino, and might also be
able to help predict these weather changes.